Manthani was declared a ‘Municipality’ in Census 1921-1941. Later, it was a ‘Town Committee and ‘Town Municipality’ in Census of 1951 and 1961, respectively.
Under the Govt. Offices Act, 1964 it was classified as a ‘Panchayati’. Later it was declared a ‘Taluk’ and presently, it is a Mandal’ as the Telugu Desham Government of (Late) Shri N.T. Rama Rao re-christened the revenue units of the State Services.
As the result of socio-economic changes that are taking place, the regular visits of outsiders to the village for the purpose of learning Vedas that was prevailing till early 20th Century has become a past story now. It is rather the ill-luck of our culture that the Veda Pathashala that is being run in the village is almost unknown now a days. There is a change in outflow migration also. In earlier days, Brahmins (who happened to be the highest number of villagers) used to migrate to outside States/ Places in search of livelihood as a Professional Cook or Professional Pujari or Professional Vedic Scholar. It was quite a common feature that Brahims used to migrate to Kashi for becoming a Vedic Scholar while the other scholarly Brahmins used to be immigrants in Nagpur, Pune, Bombay, Itarsi and other Industrial/ Business rich towns in neighboring State of Maharashtra. In-migration and out-migration, however, appears to be confined to the families of Brahmins in the town.
For the non-Brahmin Community in Manthani, it is their traditional vocation that earns them their daily bread. The vaishya Community, traditionally manages the business in the Village. The vocations that are normally taken up by locals in the village are typically traditional and in total acceptance of the caste structure of the ancient Hindu culture. For many of the local people, Agriculture is the main source of livelihood. Without any special incentives or notable features for development of agriculture or even a total non-existence of encouraging factors for Industry, the village basically is the same since the times of independence. Albeit, there are some inclusions like a Cinema Theatre, some Banks, a Bus Depot, a Power Station and others that are basic amenities for a modern day’s life.
Except, the inclusion of the rural area comprising Kuchirajupalle, Surayapalle and Kakarlapalle villages in Manthani, and the new settlement at Ganga Puri (after the Godavari Floods of late 50s), boundaries of the town by and large remained the same during the ages.
The population of the village has almost been the same or by and large it might have increased at a snail’s pace of about 1½ % per annum. Considering the land resources and the occupancy of the village and their total dependence on agriculture without putting up extra burden on natural resources (which are abundant), the increase never applied any pressure on the resources that the village already possesses.
The village rather never received its due share in the development programmes despite the fact that it produced great politicians of high regard like (Late) Shri P.V. Narasimha Rao and (Late) Shri Duddilla Sripada Rao and others. While a rapid development can be noticed in the nearby towns like Ramagundam, Godavari Khani, Begumpet, Peddapalli, etc. Peddapalli’s infrastructure is no more a rural one with the facilities of Hospitals, Colleges, Railway Station, and Cinema Theatres that this one-time smaller village has developed during the past decade. The case is same with the Mine rich Godavari Khani and Ramagundam with the FCI and NTPC. The development activity of Godavari Khani reached even the Begumpet area, which, once, was a non-existing entity in comparison with Manthani.
On one hand, non-development of the area is helpful in maintaining the cost of living of the area at satisfactory levels and land prices and property rates in the area are also left untouched during the past decade or so. But on the other hand, it is painful to know that the village has been a underdeveloped area for the last three decades despite the fact that there were prominent National level/ State level leaders from this area.